Waste Foundry Sand in Concrete Production Instead of Natural River Sand: A Review

Jawad Ahmad, Zhiguang Zhou, Rebeca Martínez-García, Nikolai Ivanovich Vatin, Jesús de-Prado-Gil, Mohammed A. El-Shorbagy
2022 Materials  
The by-product of the foundry industry is waste foundry sand (WFS). The use of WFS in building materials will safeguard the ecosystem and environmental assets while also durable construction. The use of industrial waste in concrete offsets a shortage of environmental sources, solves the waste dumping trouble and provides another method of protecting the environment. Several researchers have investigated the suitability of WFS in concrete production instead of natural river sand in the last few
more » ... ecades to discover a way out of the trouble of WFS in the foundry region and accomplish its recycling in concrete production. However, a lack of knowledge about the progress of WFS in concrete production is observed and compressive review is required. The current paper examines several properties, such as the physical and chemical composition of WFS, fresh properties, mechanical and durability performance of concrete with partially substituting WFS. The findings from various studies show that replacing WFS up to 30% enhanced the durability and mechanical strength of concrete to some extent, but at the same time reduced the workability of fresh concrete as the replacement level of WFS increased. In addition, this review recommended pozzolanic material or fibre reinforcement in combination with WFS for future research.
doi:10.3390/ma15072365 pmid:35407698 pmcid:PMC8999903 fatcat:xgf3zeupzrclfobuwserjeo27i