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Next Generation Programmable Bio-Nano-Chip System for On-Site Quantitative Drug Detection in Oral Fluids
Journal of Drug Abuse
Current on-site drug of abuse detection methods involve invasive sampling of blood and urine specimens, or collection of oral fluid, followed by qualitative screening tests using immunochromatographic cartridges. Test confirmation and quantitative assessment of a presumptive positive are then provided by remote laboratories, an inefficient and costly process decoupled from the initial sampling. Recently, a new noninvasive oral fluid sampling approach that is integrated with the chip-baseddoi:10.21767/2471-853x.10005 fatcat:pxpdw3sljzhyddamqxsgeeznse