Measurements of Friction Coefficients of Snow blocks

G. Casassa, H. Narita, N. Maeno
1989 Annals of Glaciology  
Snow blocks were slid down natural snow slopes and filmed with a video camera. Friction coefficients were calculated from time-distance curves and the equation of motion. Dry-friction coefficients ranged from 0.57 to 0.84, and could be separated into Coulomb friction and a friction component proportional to the contact area of the blocks (adhesion). These values are greater than the values usually used in avalanche dynamics, but are consistent with previous coefficients obtained for snow blocks
more » ... sliding over snow. When uniform ploughing occurred and a shear layer developed along the track the apparent friction coefficients increased with velocity, and could be modelled by considering the kinematic viscosity of the snow. The values of kinematic viscosity ranged from 10−3 to 10−4 m2/s and agreed well with those values obtained by other researchers.
doi:10.1017/s0260305500007618 fatcat:3ubldqsh3jdxtlabt3ce23h6fu