Phase diagram of the Biham-Middleton-Levine traffic model in three dimensions

H. F. Chau, K. Y. Wan
1999 Physical review. E, Statistical physics, plasmas, fluids, and related interdisciplinary topics  
We study numerically the behavior of the Biham-Middleton-Levine traffic model in three dimensions. Our extensive numerical simulations show that the phase diagram for this model in three dimensions is markedly different from that in one and two dimensions. In addition to the full speed moving as well as the completely jamming phases, whose respective average asymptotic car speeds equal one and zero, we observe an extensive region of car densities ρ with a low but non-zero average asymptotic car
more » ... rage asymptotic car speed. The transition from this extensive low average asymptotic car speed region to the completely jamming region is at least second order. We argue that this low speed region is a result of the formation of a spatially-limited-extended percolating cluster. Thus, this low speed phase is present in n > 3 dimensional Biham-Middleton-Levine model as well.
doi:10.1103/physreve.60.5301 pmid:11970399 fatcat:gx6vmvyehffd7bbysfyiwugk6q