Association between operation volume and postoperative mortality in the elective open repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms: systematic review

U. Ronellenfitsch, K. Meisenbacher, M. Ante, M. Grilli, D. Böckler
2020 Gefässchirurgie  
Background An inverse association between the case volume per hospital and surgeon and perioperative mortality has been shown for many surgical interventions. There are numerous studies on this issue for the open treatment of infrarenal aortic aneurysms. Aim To present the available data on the association between the case volume per hospital and surgeon and perioperative mortality in the elective open repair of infrarenal aortic aneurysms in a systematic review. Materials and methods Using the
more » ... PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science Core Collection, CINAHL, Current Contents Medicine (CCMed), and ClinicalTrials.gov databases, a systematic search was performed using defined keywords. From the search results, all original papers were included that compared the elective open repair of an infrarenal aortic aneurysm in a "high volume" center with a "low volume" center or by a "high volume" surgeon with a "low volume" surgeon, as defined in the respective study. Results After deduplication, the literature search yielded 1021 hits of which 60 publications met the inclusion criteria. Of these, 37/43 studies showed a lower mortality in "high volume" compared to "low volume" centers and 14/17 comparisons showed a lower mortality for "high volume" compared to "low volume" surgeons. The effect measures, usually odds ratios, ranged from 0.37 to 0.99 for volume per hospital and 0.31 to 0.92 for volume per surgeon. Regarding the threshold values for the definition of "high volume" and "low volume," a clear heterogeneity was shown between the individual studies. Discussion The available data on the association between the case volume per hospital and surgeon and perioperative mortality in the elective open repair of infrarenal aortic aneurysms show that interventions performed in "high volume" centers or by "high volume" surgeons are associated with lower mortality. To ensure the best possible outcome in terms of low perioperative mortality in the open repair of infrarenal aortic aneurysms, the aim should be centralization with high case volume per hospital and surgeon.
doi:10.1007/s00772-020-00739-9 fatcat:2nanoh3dsvbbrdamcw5tc227dq