Isolation and characterisation of nanowhisker cellulose from Pennisetum purpureum

E F Sucinda, M S Abdul Majid, M J M Ridzuan, N A M Amin
2019 IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering  
Pennisetum Purpurerum or Napier fibre is a sustainable, renewable and biodegradable waste enriched with cellulose. The methodology to recover agriculture Pennisetum Purpureum residue is by acquiring nanowhiskers cellulose (NWCs) from microcrystalline cellulose (MCC). In this study, acid hydrolysis with different time exposure was performed to degrade the MCC derived from Pennisetum Pupureum into NWCs. The characterisations of the isolated NWCs was conducted through a Scanning Electron
more » ... Electron Microscope (SEM) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). In SEM morphology study, the NWCs shape ribbon-like with nano scales thickness was observed, and from the SEM result shows that the thickness of the sample was in nano size. The isolated NWCs from Pennisetum purpureum derived MCC has a high potential to be used for the manufacture of nanocomposite for the implementation of pharmaceutical and biomedical fields.
doi:10.1088/1757-899x/670/1/012044 fatcat:f344jo6gsba75mkkyglnjdwdmm