In vivo measurement of pre-operational spallation source workers: Baseline body burden levels and detection limits of relevant gamma emitters using high-resolution gamma spectrometry
Journal of Radiological Protection
As a measure to prepare for long-term internal dose monitoring of workers at the European Spallation Source (ESS) in Lund, Sweden, operated by the European Research Infrastructure Consortium (ERIC), as well as to enhance emergency preparedness against accidental releases, a series of in vivo measurements were conducted using a high-resolution HPGe detector with a 123% relative efficiency (1.332 MeV). This study describes the whole-body counting set-up, calibration procedure, and subsequent
... ation measurements using conventional NaI(Tl)-scanning-bed geometry on a selection of workers from the ESS. Detection limits for the relevant gamma emitters 7Be, 172Hf, and 182Ta were determined to be 65 Bq, 130 Bq, and 22 Bq, respectively, using a 2400 s acquisition time. The baseline measurements suggest that care must be taken to ensure that the fluctuations in the presence of radon daughters 214Bi and 214Pb are minimised by, for example, ensuring a minimum air exchange between the measuring room and the ambient air, and by demanding that the measured subjects change clothes and shower before measurement. Furthermore, in a monitoring program for internal doses to spallation source workers, the presence of radionuclides originating from non-work-related sources (such as 226Ra from private water wells or 137Cs from intakes of Chernobyl contaminated foodstuffs), or radionuclides from previous work history (such as 60Co within the nuclear power industry), must be considered.