J. Knoop, J. Dekker, H. van Dongen, M. van der Leeden, M. de Rooij, W. F. Peter, W. van Berkel-de Joode, L. van Bodegom-Vos, N. Lopuhaä, K. Bennell, W. Lems, M. van der Esch (+2 others)
2022 Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases  
BackgroundThere is strong, high-quality evidence for the effectiveness of exercise therapy in people with knee osteoarthritis (OA).1 However, although effective, the average effect size is only moderate (approximately 0.5).1 This may be attributed to the current 'one-size-fits-all' exercise approach, while a stratified approach may yield superior clinical and economic outcomes. We are the first to test a model of stratified exercise therapy in patients in knee OA. This model was based on 3
more » ... ously identified subgroups2 that are aligned with well-accepted OA phenotypes3, namely a 'low muscle strength subgroup' ('age-induced phenotype'), 'high muscle strength subgroup' ('post-traumatic phenotype') and 'obesity subgroup' ('metabolic phenotype'). For each subgroup, a subgroup-specific exercise therapy intervention was developed and pilot-tested4, which was supplemented by a dietary intervention for the 'obesity subgroup'.ObjectivesThe OCTOPuS-trial aimed to determine the effectiveness of stratified exercise therapy in reducing knee pain and improving physical function, compared to usual, 'non-stratified' exercise therapy, in patients with knee OA.MethodsWe conducted a pragmatic cluster randomized controlled trial in a primary care setting in 335 people with knee osteoarthritis: 153 in the experimental arm and 182 in the control arm. Physiotherapy practices were randomized into the experimental arm providing the model of stratified exercise therapy supplemented by a dietary intervention from a dietician for the 'obesity subgroup' or the control arm proving usual, 'non-stratified' exercise therapy. Primary outcomes were knee pain severity (NRS pain, 0-10) and physical function (KOOS subscale daily living, 0-100). Measurements were performed at baseline, and 3- (primary endpoint), 6-, and 12-months follow-up. Intention-to-treat, multilevel, regression analysis was performed.ResultsWe found statistically non-significant differences in knee pain (mean difference (95% confidence interval): 0.19 (-0.31, 0.69)) and physical function (-0.40 (-3.91, 3.12)) at 3-months follow-up, with within-group effect sizes ranging between 0.5 and 0.7. Non-significant differences were also found for all other time points and for nearly all secondary outcome measures. Moreover, effects of experimental and control intervention were similar in each of the 3 subgroup separately.ConclusionThis trial demonstrated no added value with respect to clinical outcomes of our model of stratified exercise therapy compared to usual exercise therapy. This could be attributed to the experimental arm therapists facing difficulty in effectively applying the model (especially in the 'obesity subgroup') and to elements of the model possibly being applied in the control arm.References[1]Fransen M et al. Exercise for osteoarthritis of the knee. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2015 Jan 9;1:CD004376.[2]Knoop J et al. Identification of phenotypes with different clinical outcomes in knee osteoarthritis: data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative. Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken). 2011;63(11):1535-1542.[3]Bijlsma JW et al. Osteoarthritis: an update with relevance for clinical practice. Lancet. 2011; Jun 18;377(9783):2115-26.[4]Knoop J et al. Is a model of stratified exercise therapy by physical therapists in primary care feasible in patients with knee osteoarthritis? A mixed methods study. Physiotherapy. 2019.Disclosure of InterestsNone declared
doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2022-eular.125 fatcat:vex2k3ullfegpl43xjnschj22e