The role of CLV signalling in the negative regulation of mycorrhizal colonisation and nitrogen response of tomato
Plants form mutualistic nutrient acquiring symbioses with microbes, including arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. The formation of these symbioses is costly and plants employ a negative feedback loop termed autoregulation of mycorrhizae (AOM) to limit arbuscular mycorrhizae (AM) formation. We provide evidence for the role of one leucine-rich-repeat receptor like kinase (FAB), a hydroxyproline O-arabinosyltransferase enzyme (FIN), one CLE peptide, SlCLE11 and additional evidence for the one receptor
... the one receptor like protein (SlCLV2) in the negative regulation of AM formation in tomato. Reciprocal grafting experiments suggest that the FAB gene acts locally in the root, while the SlCLV2 gene may act in both the root and the shoot. External nutrients including phosphate and nitrate can also strongly suppress AM formation. We found that FAB and FIN are required for nitrate suppression of AM but are not required for the powerful suppression of AM colonisation by phosphate. This parallels some of the roles of legume homologs in the autoregulation of the more recently evolved symbioses with nitrogen-fixing bacteria leading to nodulation. This deep homology in the symbiotic role of these genes suggests that in addition to the early signalling events that lead to the establishment of AM and nodulation, the autoregulation pathway might also be considered part of the common symbiotic toolkit that enabled plants to form beneficial symbioses.