Security Improvement in Elliptic Curve Cryptography

Kawther Esaa Abdullah, Nada Hussein
2018 International Journal of Advanced Computer Science and Applications  
This paper proposed different approaches to enhance the performance of the Elliptic Curve Cryptography (ECC) algorithm. ECC is vulnerable to attacks by exploiting the public parameters of ECC to solve Discrete Logarithm Problem (DLP). Therefore, these public parameters should be selected safely to obviate all recognized attacks. This paper presents a new generator function to produce the domain parameters for creating the elliptic curve; a secure mechanism is used in the proposed function to
more » ... id all possible known attacks that attempts to solve the Elliptic Curve Discrete Logarithm Problem (ECDLP). Moreover, an efficient algorithm has been proposed for choosing two base points from the curve in order to generate two subgroups in a secure manner. The purpose of the aforementioned algorithm is to offer more confidence for the user since it is not built upon a hidden impairment that it could be subsequently utilized to retrieve user's private key. The Elliptic Curve Diffie Hellman (ECDH) algorithm is implemented to exchange a session key between the communicating parties in a secure manner. Beside, a preprocessing operation is performed on the message to enhance the diffusion property and consequently leads to increase the strength against cryptanalysis attack. Finally, the dual encryption/decryption algorithm is implemented using different session keys in each stage of the encryption to boost immunity against any attack on the digital audio transmission. The gained results show the positive effect of the dual elliptic curve system in terms of speed and confidentiality without needing any extra time for encryption.
doi:10.14569/ijacsa.2018.090516 fatcat:rly44n3yizfbjlzj6dbc4ch44y