Neural Network Radiative Transfer for Imaging Spectroscopy

Brian D. Bue, David R. Thompson, Shubhankar Deshpande, Michael Eastwood, Robert O. Green, Terry Mullen, Vijay Natraj, Mario Parente
2019 Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Discussions  
<p><strong>Abstract.</strong> Visible/Shortwave InfraRed imaging spectroscopy provides valuable remote measurements of Earth's surface and atmospheric properties. These measurements generally rely on inversions of computationally-intensive Radiative Transfer Models (RTMs). RTMs' computational expense makes them difficult to use with high volume imaging spectrometers, and forces approximations such as lookup table interpolation and surface/atmosphere decoupling. These compromises limit the
more » ... cy and flexibility of the remote retrieval; dramatic speed improvements in radiative transfer models could significantly improve the utility and interpretability of remote spectroscopy for Earth science. This study demonstrates that nonparametric function approximation with neural networks can replicate Radiative Transfer calculations over a relevant range of surface/atmosphere parameters. Incorporating physical knowledge into the network structure provides improved interpretability and model efficiency. We evaluate the approach in atmospheric correction of data from the PRISM airborne imaging spectrometer, and demonstrate accurate emulation of radiative transfer calculations which run several orders of magnitude faster than first-principles models. These results are particularly amenable to iterative spectrum fitting approaches, providing analytical benefits including statistically rigorous treatment of uncertainty and the potential to recover information on spectrally-broad signals.</p>
doi:10.5194/amt-2018-436 fatcat:ijn52p2utbfbdceybst4ndqcoi