Improving the Downscaling of Diurnal Land Surface Temperatures Using the Annual Cycle Parameters as Disaggregation Kernels

Panagiotis Sismanidis, Iphigenia Keramitsoglou, Benjamin Bechtel, Chris Kiranoudis
2016 Remote Sensing  
The downscaling of geostationary diurnal thermal data can ease the lack of land surface temperature (LST) datasets that combine high spatial and temporal resolution. However, the downscaling of diurnal LST data is more demanding than single scenes. This is because the spatiotemporal interrelationships of the original LST data have to be preserved and accurately reproduced by the downscaled LST (DLST) data. To that end, LST disaggregation kernels/predictors that provide information about the
more » ... ial distribution of LST during different times of a day can prove especially useful. Such LST predictors are the LST Annual Cycle Parameters (ACPs). In this work, multitemporal ACPs are employed for downscaling daytime and nighttime~4 km geostationary LST from SEVIRI (Spinning Enhanced Visible and Infrared Imager) down to 1 km. The overall goal is to assess if the use of the ACPs can improve the estimation of the diurnal range of DLST (daytime DLST minus nighttime DLST). The evaluation is performed by comparing the DLST diurnal range maps with reference data from MODIS (Moderate Imaging Spectroradiometer) and also with data retrieved from a modified version of the TsHARP (Thermal Sharpening) algorithm. The results suggest that the ACPs increase the downscaling performance, improve the estimation of diurnal DLST range and produce more accurate spatial patterns.
doi:10.3390/rs9010023 fatcat:25ujvpt6ojc5rolrkgiyugkkni