Rational rotation-minimizing frames on polynomial space curves of arbitrary degree

Rida T. Farouki, Takis Sakkalis
2010 Journal of symbolic computation  
A rotation-minimizing adapted frame on a space curve r(t) is an orthonormal basis (f 1 , f 2 , f 3 ) for R 3 such that f 1 is coincident with the curve tangent t = r /|r | at each point and the normal-plane vectors f 2 , f 3 exhibit no instantaneous rotation about f 1 . Such frames are of interest in applications such as spatial path planning, computer animation, robotics, and swept surface constructions. Polynomial curves with rational rotation-minimizing frames (RRMF curves) are necessarily
more » ... thagorean-hodograph (PH) curves -since only the PH curves possess rational unit tangents -and they may be characterized by the fact that a rational expression in the four polynomials u(t), v(t), p(t), q(t) that define the quaternion or Hopf map form of spatial PH curves can be written in terms of just two polynomials a(t), b(t). As a generalization of prior characterizations for RRMF cubics and quintics, a sufficient and necessary condition for a spatial PH curve of arbitrary degree to be an RRMF curve is derived herein for the generic case satisfying u 2 (t)+v 2 (t)+p 2 (t)+q 2 (t) = a 2 (t) + b 2 (t). This RRMF condition amounts to a divisibility property for certain polynomials defined in terms of u(t), v(t), p(t), q(t) and their derivatives.
doi:10.1016/j.jsc.2010.03.004 fatcat:qmzns23qsbfcjowrarslijyrim