Distribution and function of the cannabinoid-1 receptor in the modulation of ion transport in the guinea pig ileum: relationship to capsaicin-sensitive nerves

Wallace K. MacNaughton, Marja D. Van Sickle, Catherine M. Keenan, Kelly Cushing, Ken Mackie, Keith A. Sharkey
2004 American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology  
Distribution and function of the cannabinoid-1 receptor in the modulation of ion transport in the guinea pig ileum: relationship to capsaicin-sensitive nerves. found on both types of submucosal secretomotor neurons, colocalizing with VIP and neuropeptide Y (NPY), the noncholinergic and cholinergic secretomotor neurons, respectively. CB1 receptors colocalized with transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 receptors on paravascular nerves and fibers in the submucosal plexus. In the submucosal
more » ... the submucosal ganglia, these nerves were preferentially localized at the periphery of the ganglia. In denervated ileal segments, CB1 receptor immunoreactivity in submucosal neurons was not modified, but paravascular and intraganglionic fiber staining was absent. Short-circuit current (I sc) was measured as an indicator of net electrogenic ion transport in Ussing chambers. In the ion-transport studies, I sc responses to capsaicin, which activates extrinsic primary afferents, and to electrical field stimulation (EFS) were reduced by pretreatment with the muscarinic antagonist atropine, abolished by tetrodotoxin, but were unaffected by VIP receptor desensitization, hexamethonium, ␣-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methlisoxazole-4-proprionic acid, or N-methyl-D-aspartate glutamate receptor antagonists. The responses to capsaicin and EFS were reduced by 47 Ϯ 12 and 30 Ϯ 14%, respectively, by the CB1 receptor agonist WIN 55,212-2. This inhibitory effect was blocked by the CB 1 receptor antagonist, SR 141716A. I sc responses to forskolin or carbachol, which act directly on the epithelium, were not affected by WIN 55,212-2. The inhibitory effect of WIN 55,212-2 on EFS-evoked secretion was not observed in extrinsically denervated segments of ileum. Taken together, these data show cannabinoids act at CB1 receptors on extrinsic primary afferent nerves, inhibiting the release of transmitters that act on cholinergic secretomotor pathways. submucosal plexus; vasoactive intestinal peptide; neuropeptide Y; transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 receptor
doi:10.1152/ajpgi.00482.2003 pmid:14701723 fatcat:em4nm4u3rfdjjltsovksfcjg6e