Domain nucleation and confinement in agent-controlled bistable systems
Physical Review E
We report a new mechanism of pattern formation in growing bistable systems coupled indirectly. A modified Fujita et. al. model is studied as an example of a reaction-diffusion system of nondiffusive activator and inhibitor molecules immersed in the medium of a fast diffusive agent. Here we show that, as the system grows, a new domain nucleates spontaneously in the area where the local level of the agent becomes critical. Newly nucleated domains are stable and the pattern formation is different
... rom Turing's mechanism in monostable systems. Domains are spatially confined by the agent even if the activator and inhibitor molecules diffuse. With the spatial extension of the system, a larger domain may undergo a wavenumber instability and the concentrations of active molecules within the neighboring elements of a domain can become sharply different. The new mechanism reported in this work can be generic for pattern formation systems involving multistability, growth, and indirect coupling.