Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (InSAR) Ionospheric Correction Based on Faraday Rotation: Two Case Studies

Wu Zhu, Hyung-Sup Jung, Jing-Yuan Chen
2019 Applied Sciences  
Spaceborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery is affected by the ionosphere, resulting in distortions of the SAR intensity, phase, and polarization. Although several methods have been proposed to mitigate the ionospheric phase delay of SAR interferometry, the application of them with full-polarimetric SAR interferometry is limited. Based on this background, Faraday rotation (FR)-based methods are used in this study to mitigate the ionospheric phase errors on full-polarimetric SAR
more » ... tric SAR interferometry. For a performance test of the selected method, L-band Advanced Land Observation Satellite (ALOS) Phase Array L-band SAR (PALSAR) full-polarimetric SAR images over high-latitude and low-latitude regions are processed. The result shows that most long-wavelength ionospheric phase errors are removed from the original phase after using the FR-based method, where standard deviations of the corrected result have decreased by almost a factor of eight times for the high-latitude region and 28 times for low-latitude region, compared to those of the original phase, demonstrating the efficiency of the method. This result proves that the FR-based method not only can mitigate the ionospheric effect on SAR interferometry, but also can map the high-spatial-resolution vertical total electronic content (VTEC) distribution.
doi:10.3390/app9183871 fatcat:ahudfct2xjfdthxsauznvohp2i