Depth-4 Lower Bounds, Determinantal Complexity : A Unified Approach [article]

Suryajith Chillara, Partha Mukhopadhyay
2013 arXiv   pre-print
Tavenas has recently proved that any n^O(1)-variate and degree n polynomial in VP can be computed by a depth-4 circuit of size 2^O(√(n) n). So to prove VP not equal to VNP, it is sufficient to show that an explicit polynomial in VNP of degree n requires 2^ω(√(n) n) size depth-4 circuits. Soon after Tavenas's result, for two different explicit polynomials, depth-4 circuit size lower bounds of 2^Ω(√(n) n) have been proved Kayal et al. and Fournier et al. In particular, using combinatorial design
more » ... ayal et al. construct an explicit polynomial in VNP that requires depth-4 circuits of size 2^Ω(√(n) n) and Fournier et al. show that iterated matrix multiplication polynomial (which is in VP) also requires 2^Ω(√(n) n) size depth-4 circuits. In this paper, we identify a simple combinatorial property such that any polynomial f that satisfies the property would achieve similar circuit size lower bound for depth-4 circuits. In particular, it does not matter whether f is in VP or in VNP. As a result, we get a very simple unified lower bound analysis for the above mentioned polynomials. Another goal of this paper is to compare between our current knowledge of depth-4 circuit size lower bounds and determinantal complexity lower bounds. We prove the that the determinantal complexity of iterated matrix multiplication polynomial is Ω(dn) where d is the number of matrices and n is the dimension of the matrices. So for d=n, we get that the iterated matrix multiplication polynomial achieves the current best known lower bounds in both fronts: depth-4 circuit size and determinantal complexity. To the best of our knowledge, a Θ(n) bound for the determinantal complexity for the iterated matrix multiplication polynomial was known only for constant d>1 by Jansen.
arXiv:1308.1640v4 fatcat:es3qwpss5zhgdgd5dvnxczmehu