Influence of chronic diseases in cardiorespiratory fitness in adults over 40 years

José Manuel Pereira Gonçalves
2014 Revista Saú  
The risk of dead associated with corporal composition in elderly should be mediated with physical fitness, in particular with cardiorrespiratory fitness. Using a sample of 60 men and 81 women aged above 40 years was assessed cardiorrespiratory fitness (VO2max), abdominal obesity, overall obesity and lean body mass, comparisons were made between men and women and between levels of cardiorrespiratory fitness, evaluated the association between age, cardiorrespiratory fitness and obesity rates and
more » ... obesity rates and calculated the ROC curve and odds ratio for risk of diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia of each variable. There was an inverse association between VO2max, age and indicators of obesity, whether abdominal or general. Abdominal obesity and the prevalence of diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia was higher in the less able, beyond what the chance of developing these diseases was also associated with lower cardiorrespiratory fitness. Our results indicate that the use of indicators of obesity should be associated with cardiorrespiratory fitness for the assessment of cardiovascular risk factors, particularly in relation to diabetes, hypertension and dyslipidemia in people over 40 years.
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