High-precision digital terahertz phase manipulation within a multichannel field perturbation coding 2DEG meta-chip
Terahertz phase manipulation has always been based on direct coupling of the resonance of quasi-optical terahertz waves with metamaterials, which is accompanied by unnecessary amplitude modulation, thus limiting the accuracy of phase manipulation and its application in monolithic integrated systems. Here, we propose a coding meta-chip composed of transmission lines and two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) meta-atoms, wherein local perturbation resonances are induced to manipulate the phase of
... ate the phase of terahertz waves. By controlling the electronic transport characteristics of the 2DEG with external voltages, the intensity of the perturbation can be manipulated, which affects the transmission phase of the waves. More importantly, the perturbation resonances induced by different meta-atoms can be coupled so that through digital coding of the perturbation state of 2DEG meta-atoms, the terahertz wave transmission phase can be manipulated with high precision. As a result, phase manipulation with different precisions from 2° to 5° is observed from 0.26 to 0.27 THz, where the average phase error is only 0.36°, and the maximum root mean square of the transmittance is 0.36 dB. This high-precision phase manipulation via field coding has great application potential in the fields of beamforming, wireless communication, and high-resolution imaging.