Mathematical modelling of human heart as a hydroelectromechanical system

Fikret Yalcinkaya, Ertem Kizilkaplan, Ali Erbas
2013 2013 8th International Conference on Electrical and Electronics Engineering (ELECO)  
Different electrical models of human heart, partial or complete, with linear or nonlinear models have been developed. In the literature, there are some applications of mathematical and physical analog models of total artificial heart (TAH), a baroreceptor model, a state-space model, an electromechanical biventricular model of the heart, and a mathematical model for the artificial generation of electrocardiogram (ECG) signals. Physical models are suitable to simulate real physiological data
more » ... iological data based on proper experimental set up present. This paper introduces a new mathematical modelling of human heart as a hydroelectromechanical system (HEMS). This paper simulates the human heart based on three main functions: hydraulic, electrical and mechanical parameters. Hydro-mechanical model developed then has been transformed into electrical domain and simulation has been carried out according to the mathematical model or formulations obtained using Laplace transform. This electrical model / circuit is then tested by MATLAB based simulations and results found are comparable with the normal ECG waveforms so that these simulated results may be useful in clinical experiments. In this model basic electrical components have been used to simulate the physiological functions of the human heart. The result is a simple electrical circuit consisting of main electrical parameters that are transformed from hydraulic models and medical physiological values. Developed MATLAB based mathematical model will primarely help to understand the proper functioning of an artificial heart and its simulated ECG signals. A comprehensive model for generating a wide variety of such signals has been targeted for future in this paper. This research especially focuses on modelling human heart as a hydro-electro-mechanical system with three case studies.
doi:10.1109/eleco.2013.6713862 fatcat:stvyrcgjybaqrfj7gvlsvcgyye