Inositol hexakisphosphate is a critical regulator of Integrator assembly and function [article]

Min-Han Lin, Madeline K Jensen, Nathan D Elrod, Kai-Lieh Huang, Eric J Wagner, Liang Tong
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Integrator has critical roles in noncoding RNA 3'-end processing as well as transcription attenuation of selected mRNAs. IntS11 is the endonuclease for RNA cleavage, as a part of the IntS4-IntS9-IntS11 complex (Integrator cleavage module, ICM). Our structure of the Drosophila ICM, determined by cryo-electron microscopy at 2.74 A resolution, unexpectedly revealed the stable association of an inositol hexakisphosphate (IP6) molecule. The binding site is located in a highly electropositive pocket
more » ... t an interface among all three subunits of ICM, 55 A away from the IntS11 active site and generally conserved in other ICMs. IP6 binding is also confirmed in human ICM. Mutations of residues in this binding site or disruption of IP6 biosynthesis significantly reduced Integrator assembly and activity in snRNA 3'-end processing. Our structural and functional studies reveal that Integrator is subject to intricate cellular control and IP6 is a critical regulator of Integrator assembly and function in Drosophila, humans, and likely other organisms.
doi:10.1101/2021.09.14.460315 fatcat:nt34ncjh65abrdt7znoevmxqom