Influence of Sampling Procedure on Codeine Concentrations in Oral Fluid

Line D. Coucke, Lien De Smet, Alain G. Verstraete
2015 Journal of Analytical Toxicology  
For many drugs, there is a poor correlation between the plasma and oral fluid (OF) concentrations, due to differences in OF pH, oral contamination, stimulation of OF flow and variability of the volume of sample taken. The aim of this study was to evaluate the OF/plasma ratio and variability in drug concentration in OF sampled by two commercially available collection systems: Saliva Collection System (SCS) and Quantisal. Blood and OF samples were collected from 12 volunteers after intake of 19.5
more » ... fter intake of 19.5 mg codeine phosphate. Six persons were sampled by SCS first, followed by Quantisal; six other participants used Quantisal before SCS. The OF content of SCS tubes was measured spectrophotometrically. The Quantisal devices were weighed to correct for the effectively obtained OF volume. Codeine was measured by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The mean codeine concentration at 1 h was 29.8 ± 18.8 μg/L in plasma, 72.8 ± 63.9 μg/L in SCS OF and 85.3 ± 72.6 μg/L in Quantisal OF. The mean OF/plasma ratio was 2.30 ± 0.77 (SCS) and 2.69 ± 1.94 (Quantisal). Pearson's correlation coefficient between OF and plasma codeine concentrations was statistically significantly (P = 0.005) higher for SCS (R 2 = 0.745) than for Quantisal (R 2 = 0.403). The variability in ratios with Quantisal was markedly reduced when used after SCS. Codeine concentrations measured in OF taken with SCS correlate better with plasma concentrations than in OF obtained with Quantisal, particularly when Quantisal was used first.
doi:10.1093/jat/bkv123 pmid:26514755 fatcat:7p2n7m2j4zc7fhypxgygfqa5nm