Power system state estimation with a limited number of measurements

Ramtin Madani, Morteza Ashraphijuo, Javad Lavaei, Ross Baldick
2016 2016 IEEE 55th Conference on Decision and Control (CDC)  
This paper is concerned with the power system state estimation (PSSE) problem, which aims to find the unknown operating point of a power network based on a given set of measurements. The measurements of the PSSE problem are allowed to take any arbitrary combination of nodal active powers, nodal reactive powers, nodal voltage magnitudes and line flows. This problem is non-convex and NP-hard in the worst case. We develop a set of convex programs with the property that they all solve the
more » ... PSSE problem in the case of noiseless measurements as long as the voltage angles are relatively small. This result is then extended to a general PSSE problem with noisy measurements, and an upper bound on the estimation error is derived. The objective function of each convex program developed in this paper has two terms: one accounting for the non-convexity of the power flow equations and another one for estimating the noise levels. The proposed technique is demonstrated on the 1354-bus European network.
doi:10.1109/cdc.2016.7798346 dblp:conf/cdc/MadaniALB16 fatcat:7cgpfvxuvramdonffcoka2tcku