Life Story Book to Enhance Communication in People with Dementia: A Systematic Review of Reviews
Background: Life Story Book (LSB) has been commonly used in promoting person-centred care in elderly care especially for people with dementia. This involves collecting the life stories and memories and then being compiled to produce a tangible output, usually a book often termed the Life Story Book. However, the use, benefits and the influences of Life Story Book in dementia care is still scarce and requires an overall review. The aim of this systematic review is to collect past reviews and
... ide a thorough overview on the use, benefits, and impact of the Life Story Book for the person with dementia, the relatives, family and caregivers. Methods: The electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct and Web of Science as well as grey literature through Google Scholar were searched to select the relevant studies. Results: Seven studies that meet the inclusion criteria were selected and data was synthesised. Findings revealed that the use of the Life Story Book has no specific guidelines and has been described with numerous characteristics and varied methods of implementation. The Life Story Book intervention is found to provide significant positive outcomes for the person with dementia and the carers involved. Six out of the seven studies reported that Life Story Book enhanced communication between persons with dementia, relatives, care staff and residents. Conclusion: The review extends the current evidence on the usage of the Life Story Book in dementia care and confirms that the use of life stories leads to better care in various setting. However, more research is needed to reveal the potential of Life Story Book in enhancing communication and the guideline or training for staff and carers to deliver the intervention.