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Strong selective sweeps on the X chromosome in the human-chimpanzee ancestor explain its low divergence
The human and chimpanzee X chromosomes are less divergent than expected based on autosomal divergence. This has led to a controversial hypothesis proposing a unique role of the X chromosome in human-chimpanzee speciation. We study incomplete lineage sorting patterns between humans, chimpanzees and gorillas to show that this low divergence is entirely due to megabase-sized regions comprising one-third of the X chromosome, where polymorphism in the human-chimpanzee ancestral species was severelydoi:10.1101/011601 fatcat:2iuawjakx5cp7nww2od5espzey