Separate and Unequal Under One Roof: How the Legacy of Racialized Tracking Perpetuates Within-School Segregation

Dania V. Francis, William A. Darity
2021 RSF: The Russell Sage Foundation Journal of the Social Sciences  
3. The College Board administers the AP system. Students who take AP courses (which are offered in a wide variety of subjects) are taught an enriched curriculum and have the option to take a standardized AP exam at the end of the course. Depending on their exam performance, AP classes taken in high school can satisfy college credits and prerequisites at many colleges and universities. 4. Evidence on within-school segregation during the 1980s helped spur the detracking movements of the late
more » ... ts of the late 1980s and early 1990s (Oakes 2005); however, even after the concerted movement to eliminate rigid academic tracks in U.S. schools, within-school segregation has persisted and is shown to be greater in high schools and middle schools than in elementary schools, but less than measures of across-school segregation (Clotfelter, Ladd, and Vigdor 2003; Conger 2005; Kalogrides and Loeb 2013) .
doi:10.7758/rsf.2021.7.1.11 fatcat:k23kxaiuq5chlcvddmyc5zyndu