Biofeedback Is Superior to Electrogalvanic Stimulation and Massage for Treatment of Levator Ani Syndrome

William E. Whitehead, Italo Vantini, Giuseppe Chiarioni, Adriana Nardo, Antonella Romito
Levator ani syndrome (LAS) might be treated using biofeedback to teach pelvic floor relaxation, electrogalvanic stimulation (EGS), or massage of levator muscles. We performed a prospective, randomized controlled trial to compare the effectiveness of these techniques and assess physiological mechanisms for treatment.
doi:10.17615/ej6n-rz09 fatcat:albj6wuuqjcp3klcnfxr5rcabq