Protected areas network in the Murmansk Region: yesterday, today, and tomorrow
Сеть ООПТ Мурманской области: вчера, сегодня, завтра

Evgeny Borovichev, Institute of the Industrial Ecology Problems of the North of the Kola Science Center of RAS, Viktor Petrov, Olga Petrova, Natalia Koroleva, Administration of regional protected areas of the Murmansk Region, Institute of the Industrial Ecology Problems of the North of the Kola Science Center of RAS, Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden-Institute of the Kola Science Center of RAS
2018 Arktika i Sever  
The article represents a retrospective of nature conservation in the Murmansk Region. It is devoted to the period since the first State Nature Reserves to the present day. Today, the network of Protected Areas (PA) in the Murmansk Region consists of three nature state Reserves, one National Park, two natural parks, 12 protected areas "Zakaznik", 55 nature monuments and the protected area of the Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden-Institute. The total area of the PA is 1,947,799.4 hectares or 13.4% of
more » ... ectares or 13.4% of the Mur-mansk Region. An effectiveness of the PA was assessed due to the correspondence of the protection regimes and the threats. The authors concluded that effective environmental protection could be realized only in small part of PA, mainly in nature state reserves and national park, whose total area is only 4.2% of the Murmansk Region. At the present level of efficiency, even if it will be possible to achieve a share of Pas equal to 16.4% of the region's area, it is hardly possible to guarantee the proper level of biodiversity conservation and the stability of the ecosystem of the region.
doi:10.17238/issn2221-2698.2018.32.107 fatcat:3gcshsnqxnfqje36xgohizo35u