3D Printing Technologies in Metallic Implants: A Thematic Review on the Techniques and Procedures

Shokouh Attarilar, Mahmoud Ebrahimi, Faramarz Djavanroodi, Yuanfei Fu, Liqiang Wang, Junlin Yang
2021 International Journal of Bioprinting  
Additive manufacturing (AM) is among the most attractive methods to produce implants, the processes are very swift and it can be precisely controlled to meet patient's requirement since they can be produced in exact shape, dimension, and even texture of different living tissues. Until now, lots of methods have emerged and used in this field with diverse characteristics. This review aims to comprehensively discuss 3D printing (3DP) technologies to manufacture metallic implants, especially on
more » ... niques and procedures. Various technologies based on their main properties are categorized, the effecting parameters are introduced, andthe history of AM technology is briefly analyzed. Subsequently, the utilization of these AM-manufactured components in medicine along with their effectual variables is discussed, and special attention is paid on to the production of porous scaffolds, taking pore size, density, etc., into consideration. Finally, 3DP of the popular metallic systems in medical applications such as titanium, Ti6Al4V, cobalt-chromium alloys, and shape memory alloys are studied. In general, AM manufactured implants need to comply with important requirements such as biocompatibility, suitable mechanical properties (strength and elastic modulus), surface conditions, custom-built designs, fast production, etc. This review aims to introduce the AM technologies in implant applications and find new ways to design more sophisticated methods and compatible implants that mimic the desired tissue functions.
doi:10.18063/ijb.v7i1.306 pmid:33585711 pmcid:PMC7875061 fatcat:uwd7vazskjfypjewsftahkouae