Effect of Static and Dynamic Stretching on Knee Muscle Strength in Trained Players

Chasan Mola Ali, Filiz Tuna, Hasan Kerem Alptekin, Derya Demirbağ Kabayel, Hakan Tuna
2020 Bagcilar Medical Bulletin  
Objective: The study examined the effects of two different stretching exercises on knee muscle strength in basketball players in order to determine the most appropriate pre-competition protocols for basketball conditioning. Method: Thirty-two basketball players (mean age 22.75±2.73 years, weight 87.47±10.99 kg, height 188.85±7.35 cm, body mass index 24.46±1.89) participated in this study. They performed two different stretching protocols according to basketball training experience in randomly
more » ... signed order: randomized in consecutive manner according to admission order, well-trained basketball players (training frequency= 5 days/week, groups I and II), less-trained basketball players (1 day/week, groups III and IV). Basketball players in groups I and III were exposed to isokinetic tests-one each after dynamic stretching and, 1 week later, after static stretching. In groups II and IV, similar evaluations were made after static stretching and, 1 week later, after dynamic stretching. Five days/ week were included in the well-trained group. The less-trained group consisted of basketball players who trained 1 day/week. Results: In less-trained basketball players, static stretching resulted in higher extensor muscular strength and endurance values, whereas dynamic stretching increased knee flexor strength and endurance. Conclusions: Our results suggest that before competitions, stretching exercises should be chosen depending on the conditioning of the basketball player (well-trained, less-trained). Including both static and dynamic stretching into the "stretching" concept seems effective.
doi:10.4274/bmb.galenos.2020.05.16 fatcat:sqrq7lhaybfeni4nebw7qm2him