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This study investigates the optical and electrical characteristics in hybrid warm white high-voltage light-emitting diodes (HV-LEDs). The luminous efficiency of the hybrid warm white LED in this study improved by 11% and 51%, compared to conventional cool and warm LEDs, respectively, solving the warm white gap in white LEDs. The efficiency droop of the hybrid warm white LED was reduced to 21.8% from 26.8% for the conventional cool white LED, and from 26.3% in the conventional warm white LED atdoi:10.1109/jdt.2012.2227054 fatcat:bwxvawbwazbkrclexgxmmk5a3a