MicroRNAs as a Potential New Preventive Approach in the Transition from Asymptomatic to Symptomatic Multiple Myeloma Disease

Vanessa Desantis, Antonio Giovanni Solimando, Ilaria Saltarella, Antonio Sacco, Viviana Giustini, Marta Bento, Aurelia Lamanuzzi, Assunta Melaccio, Maria Antonia Frassanito, Angelo Paradiso, Monica Montagnani, Angelo Vacca (+1 others)
2021 Cancers  
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a hematological malignancy characterised by proliferation of clonal plasma cells (PCs) within the bone marrow (BM). Myelomagenesis is a multi-step process which goes from an asymptomatic phase, defined as monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS), to a smouldering myeloma (SMM) stage, to a final active MM disease, characterised by hypercalcemia, renal failure, bone lesions anemia, and higher risk of infections. Overall, microRNAs (miRNAs) have shown to
more » ... gnificantly impact on MM tumorigenesis, as a result of miRNA-dependent modulation of genes involved in pathways known to be crucial for MM pathogenesis and disease progression. We aim to revise the literature related to the role of miRNAs as potential diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers, thus highlighting their key role as novel players within the field of MM and related premalignant conditions.
doi:10.3390/cancers13153650 fatcat:zakdvebl7nghjhbdtx4pwaltom