Synthesis and Characterization of Some New Quinoxalin-2(1H)one and 2-Methyl-3H-quinazolin-4-one Derivatives Targeting the Onset and Progression of CRC with SRA, Molecular Docking, and ADMET Analyses

Nahed N. E. El-Sayed, Taghreed M. Al-Otaibi, Mona Alonazi, Vijay H. Masand, Assem Barakat, Zainab M. Almarhoon, Abir Ben Ben Bacha
2021 Molecules  
The pathogenesis of colorectal cancer is a multifactorial process. Dysbiosis and the overexpression of COX‑2 and LDHA are important effectors in the initiation and development of the disease through chromosomal instability, PGE2 biosynthesis, and induction of the Warburg effect, respectively. Herein, we report the in vitro testing of some new quinoxalinone and quinazolinone Schiff's bases as: antibacterial, COX‑2 and LDHA inhibitors, and anticolorectal agents on HCT-116 and LoVo cells.
more » ... oVo cells. Moreover, molecular docking and SAR analyses were performed to identify the structural features contributing to the biological activities. Among the synthesized molecules, the most active cytotoxic agent, (6d) was also a COX-2 inhibitor. In silico ADMET studies predicted that (6d) would have high Caco-2 permeability, and %HIA (99.58%), with low BBB permeability, zero hepatotoxicity, and zero risk of sudden cardiac arrest, or mutagenicity. Further, (6d) is not a potential P-gp substrate, instead, it is a possible P-gpI and II inhibitor, therefore, it can prevent or reverse the multidrug resistance of the anticancer drugs. Collectively, (6d) can be considered as a promising lead suitable for further optimization to develop anti-CRC agents or glycoproteins inhibitors.
doi:10.3390/molecules26113121 pmid:34071141 fatcat:emdiliubvbgmjlfsw6ptdu5hr4