Cool carbon stars in the halo: A new survey based on 2MASS

N. Mauron, M. Azzopardi, K. Gigoyan, T. R. Kendall
2004 Astronomy and Astrophysics  
We present the first results of a new survey for finding cool N-type carbon (C) stars in the halo of the Galaxy. Candidates were first selected in the 2MASS Second Incremental Release database with JHKs colours typical of red AGB C stars and Ks < 13, and susequently checked through slit spectroscopy. 27 new halo C stars were discovered, and a detailed study of their properties are given (distance, radial velocity, variablility, proper motion, colors etc). It is found that most probably all
more » ... stars are true luminous AGB stars, rather than C dwarfs. It is finally found that about half of these stars belong to the Sgr Stream. (this abstract was shortened)
doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20034264 fatcat:daqesjrphbhnxovvnicp4cyxlq