Perception and Reality: Why a Wholly Empirical Paradigm is Needed to Understand Vision

Dale Purves, Yaniv Morgenstern, William T. Wojtach
2015 Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience  
A central puzzle in vision science is how perceptions that are routinely at odds with physical measurements of real world properties can arise from neural responses that nonetheless lead to effective behaviors. Here we argue that the solution depends on: (1) rejecting the assumption that the goal of vision is to recover, however imperfectly, properties of the world; and (2) replacing it with a paradigm in which perceptions reflect biological utility based on past experience rather than
more » ... features of the environment. Present evidence is consistent with the conclusion that conceiving vision in wholly empirical terms provides a plausible way to understand what we see and why.
doi:10.3389/fnsys.2015.00156 pmid:26635546 pmcid:PMC4649043 fatcat:7ui5fwos35ajtpp3h3eoh2i5pe