タイのフォレスト・ビレッジ・プロジェクトの現状
The status of forest village projects in Thailand

Adisorn NOOCHDUMRONG
1995 Japanese Journal of Forest Planning  
which has been decreasing from 53. 33% Qf the total country area in 196ユ to 26. 64% in 1991 . Being awared of this prblem , the Government of Thailand initiated a forest village program in ユ 975 to improve the social and economic conditi ◎ ns of the pQor and forcst reserves occupants , and to resolve conflicts between their needs and the National Forest Policy . This paper provides the background on the development of forest village program implemented by the Royal Forest Depar 七 ment , and
more » ... ar 七 ment , and also discuss the previous and present situations of forest village projects . Recommenda 七 ions are given if the government is to continue this program .工 n addion , the government policy on land reform program is also reviewed as it has been widely implemented since 1992 , 1 . Forestry situation During the past two decades, many people have come to realize that the population explosion is arguably the most important singIe cause of forest destruction . It has been said that if Thailalld is to conserve its forests , then it must opt for industri − alization to minimize forest encroachment , The need for employment generation, na 一 tional and international cooperation is often stressed , However, developments have not be − en taken intQ aceount fuHy until reoently . This paper suggests that the major causes of encroachrnent and deforestation are ille _ gal logging due to the rapidly growing rural population, insecure land ownership , decreas − ing agricultura ! activities , and rural po − verty .
doi:10.20659/jjfp.24.0_1 fatcat:nlrplahyhnaqrmjj623d5ql4s4