Evaluating the High-Tech Industries in the Progressive Structure of the Economy of the World Countries and Ukraine
Оцінка високотехнологічних галузей у прогресивній структурі економіки країн світу та України

V. Y. Khaustova, Research Centre of Industrial Problems of Development of NAS of Ukraine, O. I. Reshetnyak, H. V. Kramarev, Y. M. Kriachko, Research Centre of Industrial Problems of Development of NAS of Ukraine, Research Centre of Industrial Problems of Development of NAS of Ukraine, Research Centre of Industrial Problems of Development of NAS of Ukraine
2020 Bìznes Inform  
The article is aimed at defining and evaluating the place of high-tech industries in the progressive structure of the economy of the world countries and Ukraine. Research methods: structural analysis, graphical analysis, analysis of structural shifts, cluster analysis. A structural analysis of the economy of Ukraine and OECD countries is carried out in terms of gross output, gross value added and the share of GVA in terms of output in four sectors: agriculture, hunting, forestry and fisheries;
more » ... ndustry, including energy industry; construction; in general with regard to the service sector. A further structural analysis of the processing industry of Ukraine compared to OECD countries is carried out. A rating of the world countries is carried out by the share of costs for R&D in the field of production of basic pharmaceutical products and pharmaceuticals; production of computers, electronic and optical products; production of aerospace equipment. The positioning of the the world countries is made in the quadrants of the matrix in the coordinate plane of «Share of costs for the R&D of high-tech sectors of the economy and GVA per capita». Structural shifts in research and development costs in high-tech sectors of both the OECD and Ukrainian economies are computed. The structure of the export market of high-tech sectors of the economy is analyzed and Ukraine's place in this market is evaluated. The carried out cluster analysis allowed to divide the world countries into groups taking into account the data by the following indicators: share of costs for the R&D in the pharmaceutical industry; share of costs for the R&D in the computer, electronic and optical industry; share of costs for the R&D in the aerospace industry; share of costs for R&D in the service sector; share of the export market of the pharmaceutical industry and GVA per capita. Ukraine entered the cluster, whose countries have such a costs structure for R&D in high-tech sectors of the economy, which does not provide a high level of GVA per capita. Recommendations on the development of high-tech industries of Ukraine in order to increase the socio-economic development of the country are provided.
doi:10.32983/2222-4459-2020-9-81-98 fatcat:vqyukcwdlza5nonidfgqdmsxoi