Multiple Roles for the Twin Arginine Leader Sequence of Dimethyl Sulfoxide Reductase ofEscherichia coli

Damaraju Sambasivarao, Raymond J. Turner, Joanne L. Simala-Grant, Gillian Shaw, Jing Hu, Joel H. Weiner
2000 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Dimethyl sulfoxide (Me 2 SO) reductase of Escherichia coli is a terminal electron transport chain enzyme that is expressed under anaerobic growth conditions and is required for anaerobic growth with Me 2 SO as the terminal electron acceptor. The trimeric enzyme is composed of a membrane extrinsic catalytic dimer (DmsAB) and a membrane intrinsic anchor (DmsC). The amino terminus of DmsA has a leader sequence with a twin arginine motif that targets DmsAB to the membrane via a novel
more » ... ovel Sec-independent mechanism termed MTT for membrane targeting and translocation. We demonstrate that the Met-1 present upstream of the twin arginine motif serves as the correct translational start site. The leader is essential for the expression of DmsA, stability of the DmsAB dimer, and membrane targeting of the reductase holoenzyme. Mutation of arginine 17 to aspartate abolished membrane targeting. The reductase was labile in the leader sequence mutants. These mutants failed to support growth on glycerol-Me 2 SO minimal medium. Replacing the DmsA leader with the TorA leader of trimethylamine N-oxide reductase produced a membranebound DmsABC with greatly reduced enzyme activity and inefficient anaerobic respiration indicating that the twin arginine leaders may play specific roles in the assembly of redox enzymes. EXPERIMENTAL PROCEDURES Materials-Oligonucleotides were purchased from the DNA core facility,
doi:10.1074/jbc.m909289199 pmid:10801884 fatcat:75ealhcslfg6jpzrokou7lh2i4