Preclinical Evaluation of Nintedanib, a Triple Angiokinase Inhibitor, in Soft-Tissue Sarcoma: Potential Therapeutic implication for Synovial Sarcoma
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Sarcomas are rare cancers that make up about 1% of all cancers in adults; however, they occur more commonly among children and young adolescents. Sarcomas are genetically complex and are often difficult to treat given the lack of clinical efficacy of any of the currently available therapies. Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTK) such as c-Kit, c-Met, PDGFR, IGF-1R, as well as FGFR have all been reported to be involved in driving tumor development and progression in adult and pediatric soft-tissue
... ric soft-tissue sarcoma. These driver kinases often act as critical determinants of tumor cell proliferation and targeting these signal transduction pathways remains an attractive therapeutic approach. Nintedanib, a potent triple angiokinase inhibitor, targets PDGFR, VEGFR, and FGFR pathways critical for tumor angiogenesis and vasculature. In this study, we evaluated the preclinical efficacy of nintedanib in soft-tissue sarcoma cell lines. Nintedanib treatment resulted in significant antiproliferative effect in vitro in cell lines with high expression of RTK drug targets. Furthermore, treatment with nintedanib showed significant downregulation of downstream phosphorylated AKT and ERK1/2. Finally, treatment with nintedanib resulted in significant tumor growth suppression in mouse xenograft model of synovial sarcoma. Notably, both the in vitro and in vivo efficacy of nintedanib was superior to that of imatinib, another multikinase inhibitor, previously tested with minimal success in clinical trials in sarcoma. Overall, the data from this study provide a strong rationale to warrant further clinical exploration of this drug in patients with synovial sarcoma.