Biomechanical Effects of Diameters of Implant Body and Implant Platform in Bone Strain around an Immediately Loaded Dental Implant with Platform Switching Concept

Hsuan Lung, Jui-Ting Hsu, Aaron Yu-Jen Wu, Heng-Li Huang
2019 Applied Sciences  
Dental implants designed with platform switching have been used clinically to reduce crestal bone resorption. The aim of this study was to determine the biomechanical effects of loading types, diameter of platform, and implant diameter in bone strain around immediately loaded implants with platform switching concept. Platform-switching features of dental implants with various diameters of implant body and implant platform (named as RP5.0, RP4.3, and NP3.5) were inserted into artificial bone
more » ... ks. The initial implant stability was confirmed using a Periotest device before the loading test. Rosette strain gauges were placed on the alveolar region around the implants, and peak values of the bone strain during a 190-N vertical load or 30-degree lateral load were measured by a data acquisition system. The Kruskal-Wallis test and post-hoc pairwise comparisons were performed as statistical analyses. The median Periotest values of the RP5.0, RP4.3, and NP3.5 implants ranged from −6.59 to −7.34. The RP5.0 implant always showed the lowest bone strain around the implant, regardless of whether a vertical or lateral load was applied. Relative to the RP4.3 and NP3.5 implants, the RP4.3 implant produced a higher bone strain (by approximately 8%) under a vertical load but a lower bone strain (by approximately 25%) under a lateral load. This study confirmed that using a wider implant could relieve the bone strain around an immediately loaded implant with platform switching concept especially under lateral loading.
doi:10.3390/app9101998 fatcat:oukwcpxvurakxik5pfo74ouzke