Reconfigurable MRI coil technology can substantially reduce RF heating at the tips of bilateral deep brain stimulation implants [article]

Laleh Golestanirad, Boris Keil, Sean Downs, John Kirsch, Behzad Elahi, Julie Pilitsis, Lawrence L Wald
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
Patients with deep brain stimulation (DBS) implants can significantly benefit from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination, however, access to MRI is restricted in this patients because of safety concerns due to RF heating of the leads. Recently we introduced a patient-adjustable reconfigurable MRI coil system to reduce the SAR at the tip of deep brain stimulation implants during MRI at 1.5T. A simulation study with realistic models of single (unilateral) DBS leads demonstrated a
more » ... l reduction in the local SAR up to 500-fold could be achieved using the coil system compared to quadrature birdcage coils. Many patients however, have bilateral DBS implants and the question arises whether the rotating coil system can be used in for them. This work reports the results of phantom experiments measuring the temperature rise at the tips of bilateral DBS implants with realistic trajectories extracted from postoperative CT images of 10 patients (20 leads in total). A total of 200 measurements were performed to record temperature rise at the tips of the leads during 2 minutes of scanning with the coil rotated to cover all accessible rotation angles. In all patients, we were able to find an optimum coil rotation angle and reduced the heating of both left and right leads to a level below the heating produced by the body coil. An average heat reduction of 65% was achieved for bilateral leads. Reconfigurable coil technology introduces a promising approach for imaging of patients with DBS implants.
doi:10.1101/474015 fatcat:6bzszcr6qba63h7477bevzrdwq