Spiritual or social phenomenon: A cultural analysis of amakhosi possession in the Eastern Cape, South Africa

Luvuyo Ntombana, Siphiwo Meveni
2015 Open Rubric Pharos Journal of Theology   unpublished
This paper examines a strange behaviour associated with a spirit possession called amakhosi which has recently been prevalent in the Eastern and Western Cape. These behaviours were reported by various newspapers and community radio stations, where learners were said to mysteriously climb school walls with their bare hands, groaning violently and intimidating teachers and other learners. In some instances, these occurrences were said to have brought learning to a standstill. Media communications
more » ... reported that teachers were seriously concerned about a growing trend of children purchasing traditional medicine called amakhosi that makes them behave strangely. Individual interviews, group discussion and observations were conducted in selected schools in Mdantsane Township, East London. The main aim was to ascertain the meaning of amakhosi, the aim for acquiring them and its significance to those who acquire them. The findings of this study suggest that amakhosi is both a spiritual and a socioeconomic phenomenon which mostly involves the youth from poor and disadvantaged backgrounds who are struggling in identifying their roles and positions in post-apartheid South Africa. The main recommendation is that this amakhosi phenomenon needs a holistic approach and not just interventions by church leaders and traditional healers.