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Aerodynamic Optimization of the Nose Shape of a Train Using the Adjoint Method
Journal of Applied Fluid Mechanics
The adjoint method is used in this paper for the aerodynamic optimization of the nose shape of a train. This method has been extensively applied in aircraft or ground vehicle aerodynamic optimization, but is still in progress in train aerodynamics. Here we consider this innovative optimization method and present its application to reduce the aerodynamic drag when the train is subjected to front wind. The objective of this paper is to demonstrate the effectiveness of the method, highlighting thedoi:10.18869/acadpub.jafm.67.222.22632 fatcat:6q2dv22kljgkdcicoeyx74hzr4