Nonlinear NMR and magnon BEC in antiferromagnetic materials with coupled electron and nuclear spin precession

L. V. Abdurakhimov, M. A. Borich, Yu. M. Bunkov, R. R. Gazizulin, D. Konstantinov, M. I. Kurkin, A. P. Tankeyev
2018 Physical review B  
We present a new study of nonlinear NMR and Bose-Einstein Condensation (BEC) of nuclear spin waves in antiferromagnetic MnCO3 with coupled electron and nuclear spins. In particular, we show that the observed behaviour of NMR signals strongly contradicts the conventional description of paramagnetic ensembles of noninteracting spins based on the phenomenological Bloch equations. We present a new theoretical description of the coupled electron-nuclear spin precession, which takes into account an
more » ... s into account an indirect relaxation of nuclear spins via the electron subsystem. We show that the magnitude of the nuclear magnetization is conserved for arbitrary large excitation powers, which is drastically different from the conventional heating scenario derived from the Bloch equations. This provides strong evidence that the coherent precession of macroscopic nuclear magnetization observed experimentally can be identified with BEC of nuclear spin waves with k=0.
doi:10.1103/physrevb.97.024425 fatcat:k2qr6duxp5bevjrcftpli3txeu