Development of a Latex Agglutination Test for Detecting Pathogenic Burkholderia and its Approbation in the Endemic Regions of Vietnam

D. M. Frolov, N. N. Teteryatnikova, T. L.A. Bui, I. B. Zakharova, N. P. Khrapova
2021 Problems of Particularly Dangerous Infections  
The aim of the work was development of a monoclonal antibody-based latex agglutination test to identify the causative agent of melioidosis, and the approbation of a freeze-dried experimental preparation for screening of environmental bacterial isolates in Vietnam.Materials and methods. The carriers of specific antibodies were polyacrolein latex particles with active aldehyde groups on the surface. Typical strains of the causative agents of melioidosis and glanders with a full-fledged antigenic
more » ... tructure, as well as the strains Burkholderia thailandensis, Burkholderia cepacia, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Pseudomonas putida were used to control the test specificity. The latex agglutination reaction was carried out on plastic Petri dishes with daily bacterial cultures, from which suspensions were prepared at a concentration of 1–2·109 m.c./ml. The results of the reaction were registered visually for 5–8 min using a 4-cross system against a dark background under lighting. The reaction to 3–4 crosses was recorded as positive. Colonies suspected of belonging to pathogenic Burkholderia from primary inoculations were transferred to L-agar with polymyxin B and grown for 36 hours at (37±1) °C. The species of the selected suspicious colonies was determined by multiplex PCR.Results and discussion. With collection strains, latex test demonstrated high sensitivity agglutinating 97.7 % of B. pseudomallei and all B. mallei strains. At the same time, it was negative with B. thailandensis, B. cepacia, P. aeruginos and P. putida. In microbiological screening of bacterial cultures isolated from environmental objects, the latex test had a diagnostic sensitivity of 89.4 %. Using the latex test at the stage of primary screening, it is possible to significantly reduce the time when processing a lot of samples received for analysis, as well as to reduce the consumption of reagents used at the subsequent stages of identification.
doi:10.21055/0370-1069-2020-4-133-138 fatcat:5nqg3yple5d4rmr46pr73tlju4