Bioinformatics Analysis of the Expression and Role of microRNA-221-3p in the Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma
BackgroundHead and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the sixth most common cancer subtype globally, associated with a high rate of morbidity and mortality. However, the target genes of miR-221-3p and the underlying mechanism involved in HNSCC were not known. Therefore, in the current study, we studied the role of miR-221-3p in the HNSCC. MethodsTissues collected from 48 control and 21 HNSCC patients were processed to check the differential expression of miR-221-3p by RT-qPCR.
... n of microRNA-221-3p (miR-221-3p) is significantly correlated to the onset and progression of HNSCC. We also conducted the meta-analysis of the cancer literature from the cancer genome atlas (TCGA) and the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database to estimate the expression of miR-221-3p in HNSCC. The miR-221-3p target genes in the HNSCC were predicted with the miRWalk and TCGA databases, and functionally annotated via the Gene Ontology Finally, Spearman's analysis was used to determine the role of the related target genes in important pathways involved in the development of HNSCC. ResultsWe observed a significantly higher expression of miR-221-3p in HNSCC compared to the normal with a summary receiver operating characteristic (sROC) of 0.86(95% Cl: 0.83,0.89). The KEGG and GO comprehensive analysis predicted that miR-221-3p might be involved in the development of HNSCC through the following metabolic pathways, viz Drug metabolism - cytochrome P450 UGT1A7 and MAOB may be important genes for the role of mir-221-3p.ConclusionsOur results indicate that miR-221-3p may be used as a non-invasive and hypersensitive biomarker in the diagnosis. Thus, it can be concluded that miR-221-3p is an extremely important gene locus involved in the process of the deterioration and eventual tumorigenesis of HNSCC.