Easton Gazette, and Eastern Shore Intelligencer 02-1822
Boit**s and Frrrv CMT» per anpty.ble.MJtjearly in advance. Awnrrnwrttrww* exce«dtngm square IB. perted three times for One Dollar and Twentyfive cent* fot eTeTV subsequent insertion. AGRICULTURE AND POMESTICECONOMY. ON THE COMPOSITION OF SOILS, AND THEIR IMPROVEMENT BY CALCARE-OUS MANURES. ter nor worse for it. Experiment 2.the last, and similar . Old cleared land near ar soil, but much exhausted well dressed with vegetable manure in 1815, no trace of which remained. 1818 in SJ feet beds, well
... loughed September preceding. Io March, spread unrotted faqp yard manure along tbe wa. ter furrowsj ana on three beds', also scattered marl. (33-100) 390 bushels per acre The beds immediately reversed, and after, wards planted in corn. , , Result. But little benefit from th* nan ure, and not the least from the marl; nor ton, Vs, Wcver having doubt*! dupi**!. Up^ultuwl Chemistry,pagt 164, Am.Ed. JWM 0»J observed, (pt lookedfor,) in,!* 19 acid land, covered at the rate of lOOfrbushels of marl, (varying fiom 33 to not mor%, than IT per cenf. of carbonate of lime,' and all the balance, coarse »aod.) I,»»^ cultivated in corn io 1016, and being too poor to bring wheat, had remained, at rest ind enclosed, the succeeding three years The marling ecded at a marked line, whic£ was laid off through land of equal for the purpose of ascertaining t difference. CuUivtktiou -tha respects. .'" '" '.,'. .:' >. %*-' v Result. 1820 In corn. The benefit greater and more uniform, HIM HI any of the preceding. Three half acres wftra measured of marled land, and as «tty lidjoining them not marled tho product 'of each as follows: ' v ""' Land nolMarled bo.pks. 1st half acre 7 1 opposite 2d do --' V 3d do The.average increase S pecks of srielUfd cor 109 bu pj£ 12 bushels acre and •JV.f (he whole et8|jexcellent Tor the soil. I . ,! !n 'vb^at very much injured by i tbe wetness of the season the marled part more tl<an twice a* good as the rest, which scarcely paid for^ecdanrl labour. Ex, H. Nine acres adjoining the fait, ^Hurled at the rate of 400 bushels. Soil bett« marl, & time's of cultivation the same. Result. No difference could be 'perceiv-<«'! where this joined the .heavier covering ,.i»f the last. Ex. IS. One side of the 10th experiment «hded in a productive neutral soil, through Which a line was staked, having equal land #n «-»ch side. Result. No difference either in the com xr wheat. , The three next experiments were made ^Within Ihe space of 150 yards, and on soils Which when in a state of noture, were precise. )y alike. They still differ in nothing but productiveness. The aame may be said'of the experiments marked 1 and 8, which .were in the same field. Ex. 13. Part ol a level piece of new round, cleared January 1821, marled at the rate of 600 bushels per acre, (37-100) Soil light loam; Pine, Oak and Whortleberry tbe principal natural growth* "Result 18-21 In corn, 2,262 hills to tbe acre On each side of the straight line on which the marie terminated, a piece 28 "by 21 hills, was gathered, and (by a careful measurement) produced as follows: £88 corn hills not maJfcd, made 2 bushels .) of shelled corn, or 7 3-4 per acre. ' <688 hills, marled, made 4| bushels, er 16S-8 p«racre. Ex. 14 March, 1821 An acre, \n the middle of a piece, cleared in 181$, wan covered with»500 bushels qf sand containing 20-100 of carbonate of lime. This piece had before only borne one crop, (in .1818) and therefore may be supposed to contain an abundance of rotted vegetable .matter, and to be now in the highest state .«f productiveness; of which such a soil is capable. Poor adjoining quarter acres, two within, and one ou each side of the loading, produced as stated below. The land was supposed to be perfectly equal, V"t .tho growth of the corn shewed lhat there was a slight deterioration extending gradually across the ground, which affected SOCIETIES.