Strain-controlled spin splitting in the conduction band of monolayerWS2
Moh. Adhib Ulil Absor, Hiroki Kotaka, Fumiyuki Ishii, Mineo Saito
Physical review B
Spin splitting bands that arises in conduction band minimum (CBM) of WS2 monolayer (ML) play an important role in the new spin-orbit phenomena such as spin-valley coupled electronics. However, application of strain strongly modifies electronic properties of the WS2 ML, which is expected to significantly affect to the properties of the spin splitting bands. Here, by using fully-relativistic first-principles calculations based on density-functional theory, we show that a substantial spin spliting
... bands observed in the CBM is effectively controlled and tuned by applying the biaxial strain. We also find that these spin splitting bands induce spin textures exhibiting fully out-of-plane spin polarization in the opposite direction between the K and Q points and their time reversals in the first Brillouin zone. Our study clarify that the strain plays an significant role in the spin-orbit coupling of the WS2 ML, which has very important implications in designing future spintronics devices.