Boron Removal by Sorption on Modified Chitosan Hydrogel Beads

Joanna Kluczka, Gabriela Dudek, Wojciech Pudło, Alicja Kazek-Kęsik, Roman Turczyn
2021 Materials  
An excess concentration of boron in irrigation and drinking water can negatively affect the yield of plants and the human nervous system, respectively. To meet the recommended levels, hybrid biosorbent hydrogel beads based on chitosan and manganese (II-IV) were employed for the removal of boron from aqueous media. The results showed that the biosorbent effectively removed boric acid from the aqueous medium at neutral pH over a sorption time of 2 h and the liquid/hydrogel ratio of 20 mL/g,
more » ... ing a maximum sorption capacity near 190 mg/g. The modeling of the sorption equilibrium data indicated that the Freundlich isotherm equation gave the best fit out of the isotherm models examined. A pseudo-second-order model was found to best describe the sorption kinetics. The favorable attachment of manganese to the chitosan structure enabled the sorption of boron and was confirmed by FTIR, RS, XRD, SEM and ICP-OES methods. Boron desorption from the spent biosorbent was successfully achieved in three cycles using a NaOH solution. In general, the results of this research indicate that this method is one of the possibilities for improving water quality and may contribute to reducing pollution of the aquatic environment.
doi:10.3390/ma14195646 pmid:34640049 fatcat:b7kq26tr7nffdjf5h5gcpjoebm