A copy of this work was available on the public web and has been preserved in the Wayback Machine. The capture dates from 2021; you can also visit the original URL.
The file type is
Underwater wireless sensor networks (UWSNs) have become highly efficient in conducting various operations in maritime environments. Compared to terrestrial wireless sensor networks, routing protocols in UWSNs are prone to high propagation delay, high energy consumption, low bandwidth, and low throughput. UWSNs are remotely located and operate without the need for human intervention. Most sensor batteries are energy restricted and very difficult to replace. One of the major challenges of UWSNsdoi:10.1109/access.2021.3071490 fatcat:pv4425d4mjh2vaim7l5wn2qsuu